NVM XIP Block Storage Emulation Driver¶
Non-Volatile Memory devices with addressable memory (e.g: QSPI NOR flash) could be used for block storage needs (e.g: parsing a GPT layout in a raw QSPI NOR flash).
The NVMXIP Uclass provides this functionality and can be used for any 64-bit platform.
The NVMXIP Uclass provides the following drivers:
nvmxip-blk block driver:
A generic block driver allowing to read from the XIP flash. The driver belongs to UCLASS_BLK. The driver implemented by drivers/mtd/nvmxip/nvmxip.c
nvmxip Uclass driver:
When a device is described in the DT and associated with UCLASS_NVMXIP, the Uclass creates a block device and binds it with the nvmxip-blk. The Uclass driver implemented by drivers/mtd/nvmxip/nvmxip-uclass.c
nvmxip_qspi driver :
The driver probed with the DT and is the parent of the blk#<id> device. nvmxip_qspi can be reused by other platforms. If the platform has custom settings to apply before using the flash, then the platform can provide its own parent driver belonging to UCLASS_NVMXIP and reuse nvmxip-blk. The custom driver can be implemented like nvmxip_qspi in addition to the platform custom settings. The nvmxip_qspi driver belongs to UCLASS_NVMXIP. The driver implemented by drivers/mtd/nvmxip/nvmxip_qspi.c
For example, if we have two NVMXIP devices described in the DT The devices hierarchy is as follows:
=> dm tree Class Index Probed Driver Name ----------------------------------------------------------- ... nvmxip 0 [ + ] nvmxip_qspi |-- nvmxip-qspi1@08000000 blk 3 [ + ] nvmxip-blk | `-- firstname.lastname@example.org#1 nvmxip 1 [ + ] nvmxip_qspi |-- nvmxip-qspi2@08200000 blk 4 [ + ] nvmxip-blk | `-- email@example.com#2
The implementation is generic and can be used by different platforms.
Any plaform supporting readq().
- config NVMXIP
This option allows the emulation of a block storage device on top of a direct access non volatile memory XIP flash devices. This support provides the read operation. This option provides the block storage driver nvmxip-blk which handles the read operation. This driver is HW agnostic and can support multiple flash devices at the same time.
- config NVMXIP_QSPI
This option allows the emulation of a block storage device on top of a QSPI XIP flash. Any platform that needs to emulate one or multiple QSPI XIP flash devices can turn this option on to enable the functionality. NVMXIP config is selected automatically. Platforms that need to add custom treatments before accessing to the flash, can write their own driver (same as nvmxip_qspi in addition to the custom settings).
Device Tree nodes¶
Multiple QSPI XIP flash devices can be used at the same time by describing them through DT nodes.
Please refer to the documentation of the DT binding at: